Lake Fairfield 2004 Survey Report media download(PDF 599.3 KB)

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Lake Fairfield - 2004 Survey Report

Prepared by Richard A. Ott, Jr., Ph.D. and Timothy J. Bister
Inland Fisheries Division
District 3-C, Tyler, Texas

This is the authors' summary from a 32-page report. For a copy of the complete report, use the download link in the sidebar.

Lake Fairfield was surveyed during the period June 2004 to May 2005 using electrofishing, trap nets, gill nets, roving angler creel survey, littoral zone habitat and vegetation surveys, and an angler access and facilities survey. This report summarizes the results of the surveys and contains a management plan for the reservoir based on those findings.

Reservoir Description

Lake Fairfield is a 2,034-acre reservoir on Big Brown Creek, Texas, a tributary of the Trinity River, providing cooling water for two 575-megawatt lignite-fired electric generation units. Boat and bank access were adequate with two boat ramps and one fishing pier. The fishing pier meets ADA specifications. Native emergent vegetation (giant cane and cattails) formed a fringe in the littoral zone, around most of the lake. American lotus was abundant in shallow water (<4 feet deep) in the back of the coves. Hydrilla was less abundant than in previous years and only occupied a narrow fringe in shallow water areas.

Fish Community

Management Strategies

Based on current information, Lake Fairfield fishing regulations should be maintained at their current status. Annual stockings of red drum should be continued because past efforts have established a popular fishery. Due to the importance of the red drum and catfish fisheries at Fairfield, additional optional-year gill netting should be conducted during spring 2007 to monitor these populations. Stocking of Florida largemouth bass has been unnecessary at Lake Fairfield due to the high percentage of pure Florida and Florida alleles in this population. Largemouth bass allele frequency should be re-evaluated in fall 2006 to assess genetic makeup and determine the possibility of collecting Florida brood stock from this location. With the decline in hydrilla coverage, the potential exists to introduce native submersed macrophyte species in several areas to mitigate the loss of hydrilla. Control of American lotus in the State Park swimming beach should continue.

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Performance Report as required by Federal Aid in Sport Fish Restoration Act Texas Federal Aid Project F-30-R-30 Statewide Freshwater Fisheries Monitoring and Management Program

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