Toledo Bend 2005 Survey Report media download(PDF 687.8 KB)

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Toledo Bend Reservoir - 2005 Survey Report

Prepared by Todd Driscoll and Dan Ashe
Inland Fisheries Division
District 3-D, Jasper, Texas

This is the authors' summary from a 36-page report. For a copy of the complete report, use the download link in the sidebar.

Fish populations in Toledo Bend Reservoir were surveyed in 2005-2006 using electrofishing and gill nets. Anglers were surveyed from June 2005 -May 2006 with a creel. This report summarizes results of the surveys and contains a management plan for the reservoir based on those findings.

Reservoir Description

Toledo Bend Reservoir is a 162,476-acre (71,000 acres in Texas) impoundment of the Sabine River in Newton, Sabine, and Shelby counties in southeast Texas. Water level fluctuations average 5 feet annually, but water levels reached historic lows in 2001 and 2005. Aquatic habitat consisted of submerged vegetation and standing timber.

Management History

Creel surveys indicated that largemouth bass and crappie fisheries were most popular at Toledo Bend Reservoir. Florida largemouth bass have been stocked annually since 1988 in an effort to obtain > 20% pure Florida largemouth bass in the population. Since 1987, joint efforts with Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries (LDWF) have resulted in standardization of most harvest regulations, but differences still exist for crappie and catfish. In 1998, giant salvinia was discovered in Toledo Bend Reservoir. Eradication efforts on both Texas and Louisiana sides of the reservoir were unsuccessful. In 2004, plant coverage exceeded 3,000 acres and impeded angler access. Low water levels in 2005 reduced coverage to 281 acres. Control methods have included annual herbicide treatments at access points, releases of salvinia weevils, and a water level drawdown.

Fish Community

Management Strategies

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Performance Report as required by Federal Aid in Sport Fish Restoration Act Texas Federal Aid Project F-30-R-31 Statewide Freshwater Fisheries Monitoring and Management Program