Wichita Reservoir 2004 Survey Report media download(PDF 540.9 KB)

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Wichita Reservoir - 2004 Survey Report

Prepared by Mark Howell and Robert Mauk
Inland Fisheries Division
District 2-E, Wichita Falls, Texas

This is the authors' summary from a 27-page report. For a copy of the complete report, use the download link in the sidebar.

Wichita was surveyed in 2004-05 using electrofishing, gill and trap netting. These surveys were completed using stratified, randomly selected sites. The 2004-05 CPUE comparisons made in this summary are compared with the results of Wichita historical averages for the period 2000-2005. A survey of the littoral zone and associated physical habitat types was conducted in 2004 by examining the entire shoreline. Information from a March-May 2005 creel survey is included for historical perspective on angler use and compared with March-May creel surveys conducted in 1993, 2000 and 2003. This report summarizes all 2004-05 survey results and contains a management plan based on those findings.

Reservoir Description

Wichita is a 1,224 acre municipal reservoir owned and operated by the city of Wichita Falls for flood control and recreation. The dam is within the city limits of Wichita Falls in Wichita County and a portion of the reservoir is in Archer County. The reservoir was built in 1901, impounding Holliday Creek, a tributary to the Wichita River. Originally, the lake was 2,200 acres and was built as a municipal water supply reservoir. After alternative water supplies were developed, Wichita Falls initiated a project with the Corps of Engineers to control flooding below the reservoir. This project culminated in a new spillway being completed in August 1995, 4.7 feet lower than the original one. This acted to reduce the surface acreage to 1,224 acres, mean depth to 4.5 feet and maximum depth to 9.5 feet. In an effort to sustain recreational use, the city of Wichita Falls diverts water from the local irrigation district to maintain elevation at or near spillway level. Angler and boat access were improved with the opening of a new boat ramp in 2000. However, there is no designated handicapped access. Habitat includes relatively large stands of native emergent vegetation. In March of 2004 a toxic golden alga event killed approximately 7,700 fish of which 93% were non-game fish. No other occurrences have been documented since.

Fish Community

Management Strategies

Based on current information, this reservoir should continue to be managed with existing regulations. An abundant gizzard shad population should provide ample forage for annual palmetto bass stockings. Opportunities to enhance and maintain aquatic habitat should be actively considered along with attempts to reestablish a stronger largemouth bass population.

Sport Fish Restoration Logo

Performance Report as required by Federal Aid in Sport Fish Restoration Act Texas Federal Aid Project F-30-R-30 Statewide Freshwater Fisheries Monitoring and Management Program