The northern earless lizard is a sandy-colored lizard with two very distinctive short, dark bars near the arm pits. They have short tails, light-colored lengthwise stripes down their backs and pale speckles all over bodies. The female's body is tinted brightly with an orange color when she is carrying eggs.
Northern earless lizards inhabit sandy prairies with sparse vegetation cover.
They are found from South Dakota, throughout the Texas Panhandle and in parts of New Mexico, Colorado and Wyoming.