Federal and State Listed Amphibians and Reptiles in Texas

In Texas, animal or plant species of conservation concern may be listed as threatened or endangered under the authority of state law and/or under the U.S. Endangered Species Act (ESA). Species may be listed as state threatened or endangered and not federally listed. The state list only addresses the status of a species within Texas. A federal listing means a species is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range which may encompass several other states or nations.

Candidate species are those organisms the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) has sufficient information on to propose as endangered or threatened under the ESA but development of a proposed listing regulation is precluded by other higher priority listing activities. Unlike species listed under the ESA, candidates receive no statutory protection.

Species are ranked (Global and State) using a conservation status system established by NatureServe.

Common Name Scientific Name Group State Status Federal Status Global Rank State Rank
Austin Blind Salamander Eurycea waterlooensis Amphibian Endangered Endangered G1 S1
Barton Springs Salamander Eurycea sosorum Amphibian Endangered Endangered G1 S1
Black-spotted Newt Notophthalmus meridionalis Amphibian Threatened G1 S2
Blanco Blind Salamander Eurycea robusta Amphibian Threatened G1Q S1
Cascade Caverns Salamander Eurycea latitans Amphibian Threatened G3 S1
Comal Blind Salamander Eurycea tridentifera Amphibian Threatened G1 S1
Georgetown Salamander Eurycea naufragia Amphibian Threatened G1 S1
Houston Toad Anaxyrus houstonensis Amphibian Endangered Endangered G1 S1
Jollyville Salamander Eurycea tonkawae Amphibian Threatened G1 S2S3
Mexican Burrowing Toad Rhinophrynus dorsalis Amphibian Threatened G5 S2
Mexican Treefrog Smilisca baudinii Amphibian Threatened G5 S3
Salado Salamander Eurycea chisholmensis Amphibian Threatened G1 S1
San Marcos Salamander Eurycea nana Amphibian Threatened Threatened G1 S1
Sheep Frog Hypopachus variolosus Amphibian Threatened G5 S2
South Texas Siren (large form) Siren sp. 1 Amphibian Threatened GNRQ S2
Texas Blind Salamander Eurycea rathbuni Amphibian Endangered Endangered G1 S1
White-lipped Frog Leptodactylus fragilis Amphibian Threatened G5 S1
Alligator Snapping Turtle Macrochelys temminckii Reptile Threatened G3G4 S3
Black-striped Snake Coniophanes imperialis Reptile Threatened G4G5 S2
Brazos Water Snake Nerodia harteri Reptile Threatened G2 S1
Cagle's Map Turtle Graptemys caglei Reptile Threatened G3 S1
Chihuahuan Desert Lyre Snake Trimorphodon vilkinsonii Reptile Threatened G4 S3
Chihuahuan Mud Turtle Kinosternon hirtipes murrayi Reptile Threatened G5T5 S1
Green Sea Turtle Chelonia mydas Reptile Threatened Threatened G3 S3
Hawksbill Sea Turtle Eretmochelys imbricata Reptile Endangered Endangered G3 S2
Kemp's Ridley Sea Turtle Lepidochelys kempii Reptile Endangered Endangered G1 S3
Leatherback Sea Turtle Dermochelys coriacea Reptile Endangered Endangered G2 S1S2
Loggerhead Sea Turtle Caretta caretta Reptile Threatened Threatened G3 S4
Louisiana Pine Snake Pituophis ruthveni Reptile Threatened Candidate G2 S1
Mountain Short-horned Lizard Phrynosoma hernandesi Reptile Threatened G5 S3
Northern Cat-eyed Snake Leptodeira septentrionalis Reptile Threatened G5 S2
Northern Scarlet Snake Cemophora coccinea copei Reptile Threatened G5T5 S3
Reticulate Collared Lizard Crotaphytus reticulatus Reptile Threatened G3 S2
Reticulated Gecko Coleonyx reticulatus Reptile Threatened G3 S3
Smooth Green Snake Liochlorophis vernalis Reptile Threatened G5 SX
Speckled Racer Drymobius margaritiferus Reptile Threatened G5 S1
Texas Horned Lizard Phrynosoma cornutum Reptile Threatened G4G5 S4
Texas Indigo Snake Drymarchon melanurus erebennus Reptile Threatened G5T4 S3
Texas Scarlet Snake Cemophora coccinea lineri Reptile Threatened G5T2 S1S2
Texas Tortoise Gopherus berlandieri Reptile Threatened G4 S2
Timber Rattlesnake Crotalus horridus Reptile Threatened G4 S4
Trans-Pecos Black-headed Snake Tantilla cucullata Reptile Threatened G3 S2
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