The Texas Gulf Coastal Plain is a low, flat plain extending more than 360 miles long and 50 to 100 miles wide. Rivers that drain from the north-west highlands to the Gulf of Mexico deposited sediments on the area during the Pleistocene and Holocene Epochs. Being a transition area between the continent and the ocean, the coastal plain is home to a myriad of people, plants wildlife, and fish. All these living organisms depend on streams that dissect this region to some extent for the supply of fresh water, sediments, and nutrients to maintain their lives and productivity. A large quantity of water, nonetheless, has been diverted to municipal, agricultural and industrial uses as human population increases and economic development rises. Determining the need for freshwater inflows to wildlife inhabiting in the transitional zone through the study of the interplay among competing factors is a important challenge.
Studies of Coastal Issues
- Strengthen efforts to secure adequate freshwater inflows to bays and estuaries.
- Increase capacity for studying and analyzing the complexity of the coastal ecosystems
- Educate the Texas public about resources protection issues and challenges facing the maintenance of an ecologically sound ecosystem.