The following organizations monitor artificial reef production in various regions in the United States. Some guidance documents are added for additional information.
Guidelines for Marine Artificial Reef Materials
Gulf of Mexico Marine Fisheries Council
Gulf States Marine Fisheries Council - Artificial Reef Activities
National Artificial Reef Plan (NOAA)
Gulf State Artificial Reef Programs
Other State Artificial Reef Programs
Many states not bordering the Gulf of Mexico also have artificial reef programs. Click the links below to explore them.
The Gulf accounts for 80% of all shrimp harvested,
62% of all oysters harvested and more than 1.4 billion pounds
of annual seafood production.
More than 140 petroleum platforms—with more on the way—have found new purpose as marine habitat in the Texas Artificial Reef Program.
Texas boasts 66 artificial reef sites ranging from 5 to 100 miles from shore in the Gulf of Mexico—that’s 3,440 acres of prime fishing and diving adventure.
Seven reef sites within nine nautical miles of shore serve as accessible nearshore fishing and diving opportunities.
Red snapper, the most popular game fish in Texas Gulf waters, thrive around artificial reef sites. Scientific divers see red snapper at TPWD artificial reef sites during four of every ten visits to these locations.
With a few exceptions, the floor of the Gulf of Mexico is flat and bare except for artificial reef sites. Nearly 200 marine fish species have been seen on these complex, stable, and durable habitats among artificial reef structures.
Sixteen of 23 U.S. coastal states (or 70 percent) maintain artificial reef programs.
The Texas Clipper ship reef off South Padre Island generates more than $1 million for the local economy from anglers and $1.4–$2 million from divers. Anglers spend on average $460 per fishing trip, while divers spend upwards of $2,000 per dive.
Thirteen ships have been intentionally sunk as part of the Texas Artificial Reef Program, the largest being the USTS Texas Clipper. She’s 473 feet long—that’s 1.5 times the length of a football field.