The Vegetation Types of Texas
- (17) Mesquite-Granjeno Woods
- (18) Mesquite-Saltcedar Brush / Woods
- (19) Mesquite-Hackberry Brush / Woods
- (23) Oak-Mesquite-Juniper Parks / Woods
- (25) Live Oak Woods / Parks
- (27) Live Oak-Ashe Juniper Woods
- (29) Gray Oak-Pinyon Pine-Alligator Juniper Parks / Woods
- (30a) Post Oak Parks / Woods
- (30b) Post Oak Woods, Forest and Grassland Mosaic
- (30c) Post Oak Woods / Forest
- (33) Ashe Juniper Parks / Woods
- (35) Elm-Hackberry Parks / Woods
- (37) Cottonwood-Hackberry-Saltcedar Brush / Woods
Associated Plants: Whitebrush, virgin's bower,
desert olive, retama, Texas
pricklypear, bluewood, lotebush,
desert yaupon, tasajillo,
guayacan, woollybucket bumelia,
Berlandier wolfberry, catclaw,
Halls panicum, pink pappusgrass,
purple three-awn, woodsorrel,
Distribution: Chiefly in Kleberg and Jim Wells Counties, South Texas Plains.
Associated Plants (Trans-Pecos): Creosotebush,
cottonwood, desert willow,
giant reed, seepwillow,
common buttonbush, burrobrush,
whitethorn acacia, Australian
saltbush, fourwing saltbush,
lotebush, wolfberry, tasajillo,
guayacan, alkali sacaton,
cattail, bushy bluestem,
chino grama, Mexican devil-weed.
Distribution: Ephemeral drainages in the southern High Plains, Rolling Plains and portions of the Pecos and Rio Grande River drainages in the Trans-Pecos.
Associated Plants: Walnut, live oak, juniper,
lotebush, catclaw, woollybucket
bumelia, tasajillo, agarito,
vine-mesquite, silver bluestem,
muhly, western ragweed,
Distribution: Canyon bottoms, creeks and drainageways in the Rolling Plains and western Edwards Plateau.
Associated Plants: Post oak, Ashe juniper,
shin oak, Texas oak, blackjack
oak, live oak, cedar elm,
agarito, soapberry, sumac,
hackberry, Texas pricklypear,
Mexican persimmon, purple
three-awn, hairy grama,
Texas grama, sideoats grama,
curly mesquite, Texas wintergrass.
Distribution: This type occurs as associations or as a mixture of individual (woody) species stands on uplands in the Cross Timbers and Prairies.
(25) Live Oak Woods / Parks
Associated Plants: Texas pricklypear, lime
paspalum, fringed signalgrass,
Lindheimer tephrosia, croton,
silverleaf nightshade, bull
nettle, Texas lantana, dayflower,
silverleaf sunflower, shrubby
Distribution: Principally on sandy soils in Kenedy and Brooks Counties, South Texas Plains.
Associated Plants: Texas oak, shin oak, cedar
elm, evergreen sumac, escaprpment
cherry, saw greenbriar,
mescal bean, poison oak,
twistleaf yucca, elbowbush,
cedar sedge, little bluestem,
Neally grama, Texas grama,
meadow dropseed, Texas wintergrass,
curly mesquite, pellitory,
noseburn, spreading sida,
woodsorrel, mat euphorbia.
Distribution: Chiefly on shallow limestone soils on the hills and escarpment of the Edwards Plateau.
Associated Plants: Emory oak, silverleaf oak,
Gambel's oak, mountain mahogany,
evergreen sumac, mountain
snow-berry, Texas madrone,
bullgrass, Pringle needlegrass,
finestem needlegrass, pine
dropseed, sideoats grama,
blue grama, pine muhly,
pinyon ricegrass, largeleaf
oxalis, heartleaf groundcherry,
Distribution: From about 5,500 to 7,500 feet elevation in the mountains of the Trans-Pecos; principally the Davis Mountains.
(30a) Post Oak Parks /
(30b) Post Oak Woods, Forest and Grassland Mosaic
(30c) Post Oak Woods / Forest
Associated Plants (Post Oak Savannah): Blackjack
oak, eastern redcedar, mesquite,
black hickory, live oak,
sandjack oak, cedar elm,
hackberry, yaupon, poison
oak, American beautyberry,
hawthorn, supplejack, trumpet
creeper, dewberry, coral-berry,
little bluestem, silver
bluestem, sand lovegrass,
beaked panicum, three-awn,
Distribution: Most apparent on the sandy soils of the Post Oak Savannah.
Associated Plants: Live oak, Texas oak, cedar
elm, mesquite, agarito,
tasajillo, western ragweed,
scurfpea, little bluestem,
sideoats grama, Texas wintergrass,
silver bluestem, hairy tridens,
tumblegrass, red three-awn.
Distribution: Principally on the slopes of hills in Stephens and Palo Pinto Counties, Cross Timbers and Prairies.
Associated Plants: Mesquite, post oak, woollybucket
bumelia, honey locust, coral-berry,
pasture haw, elbowbush,
Texas pricklypear, tasajillo,
dewberry, silver bluestem,
buffalograss, western ragweed,
giant ragweed, goldenrod,
frostweed, ironweed, prairie
parsley, broom snakeweed.
Distribution: Occurs within the Blackland Prairie, primarily in Ellis, Navarro and Limestone Counties.
Associated Plants: Lindheimer's black willow,
rough-leaf dogwood, Panhandle
grape, heartleaf ampelopsis,
false climbing buckwheat,
cattail, switchgrass, prairie
cordgrass, salt grass, alkali
sacaton, spikesedge, horsetail,
bulrush, coarse sumpweed,
Distribution: Principal drainages within the Canadian and Red River Basins.
Copies of the Vegetation Types of Texas maps are available for PDF download in the sizes indicated.