Statewide Dove Banding Underway to Monitor Populations

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AUSTIN — From June to August each year, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD) staff place leg bands on thousands of mourning and white-winged doves to monitor the factors that influence populations. Information from hunter-reported bands, or “recoveries”, provide estimates of harvest and survival rates, which are used with data from the Harvest Information Program, Parts Collection Survey and other harvest surveys to help manage populations and set annual hunting regulations.

The Harvest Information Program (HIP) is a national program that estimates migratory game bird harvest and hunting activity by asking hunters a series of questions about their experience the previous season. The Parts Collection Program uses wings from harvested birds to determine species, sex and age composition, while other harvest surveys are sent out to help fine-tune harvest estimates across the state.

 “Doves are the most popular game bird in the country, and Texas leads the nation in overall harvest and hunter numbers, so it’s critical that we understand how harvest affects dove populations,” notes Owen Fitzsimmons, TPWD’s Webless Migratory Game Bird Program Leader. “Much of the information we use to manage these species comes from hunters, so I urge all hunters to report any bands they find and be as responsive and accurate as they can when responding to any harvest surveys or HIP questions during their license purchasing process.”

Texas hunters can look forward to the following dove season dates:

  • North Zone – Sept. 1 – Nov. 12, 2020; Dec. 18, 2020 – Jan. 3, 2021.
  • Central Zone – September 1 – November 1, 2020; December 18, 2020 – January 14, 2021.
  • South Zone – September 14 – November 1, 2020; December 18, 2020 – January 23, 2021.
  • Special White-winged Dove Days – September 5, 6, 12, 13 (shooting hours are from noon to sunset)

Daily bag limits for all zones is 15 in the aggregate, with no more than two white-tipped (white-fronted) doves. Specific regulations apply to the Special White-wing Dove Days.

For the third year in a row, South Zone regular dove season will open on September 14.  Prior to 2018, federal frameworks allowed the South Zone regular season to open on the Friday closest to September 20, but on a date no earlier than September 17. TPWD worked with the US Fish & Wildlife Service to adjust federal regulations to allow the earliest opening date in decades, September 14th, to open up more of early September for South Zone hunters.  This comes after other recent federal changes including the expansion of the special white-winged dove area to include the entire South Zone in 2017 and lengthening of the season from 70 days to 90 in 2016.

“The opening day change actually started a couple of years back, but September 14 falls on a Monday this year so people are starting to notice,” said Fitzsimmons. “These recent changes are huge for our hunters.  By fixing the opener on the 14th every year and using our 4 Special White-winged Days, South Zone hunters now have guaranteed hunting opportunity every weekend in September and, depending how the calendar falls, start a week or so earlier than they ever have in the past. It’s not the Friday opener most are accustomed to but given that over 80% of dove harvest occurs the first few weeks of the season, it’s important to us to try and give South Zone hunters as much opportunity in September as possible.”

More information about dove season dates can be found online in the Outdoor Annual. Please note that specific regulations regarding means and methods and bag limits will not be posted until mid-August as per usual practice surrounding new license sales. The 2020-21 Outdoor Annual will only be available digitally for the upcoming hunting and fishing season. Hunters will have the ability to print copies of relevant portions of the Outdoor Annual before heading to the field. All hunting, fishing and boating regulations can be found in the online version of the Outdoor Annual or in the mobile app, available free on iOS and Android.