Hunting Definitions

Valid Sep. 1, 2018 through Aug. 31, 2019.

Active duty
Full-time military service in the U.S. Army, Navy, Marines, Air Force, Coast Guard, Reserves, National Guard or Texas State Guard; includes full-time training duty and attendance while in active service at a school designated as a service school by law or by the Secretary of the military department.
Annual bag limit for Alligator, Deer, Antelope, Turkey or Javelina:
The maximum number of these species that may be lawfully taken by a hunter during a license year.
Any mechanical device used for flight; this includes unmanned aerial vehicles (aka drones). Aircraft may not be used, or any attempt, to hunt, locate (including wounded animals), photograph, count, harass, drive any animal without a department-issued permit.
Buck deer
A deer with a hardened antler protruding through the skin. Deer with antlers completely covered in velvet are also considered buck deer. For tagging purposes, all other deer are antlerless deer, regardless of sex.
To take or kill and includes an attempt to take or kill.
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species is an international agreement between governments to ensure that international trade in wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival.
Closed season
For any species, the period of time, if any, when fishing or hunting that species is not permitted.
A 24-hour period of time that begins at midnight and ends at midnight.
Causing damage or destruction to property, commercial crops or native environments.
Dusky duck
Mottled duck, Mexican-like duck, black duck and their hybrids.
Edible condition
Fit for human consumption, but does not include any portion of a game bird, game animal, or fish that is bruised (“bloodshot”) by a bullet, shot, or arrow; otherwise destroyed as a result of harvest; decayed or rotting; or obviously infected or diseased.
Final destination
The permanent residence of the hunter; the permanent residence of any other person receiving the animal/bird carcass part of an animal/bird carcass; or a cold storage or processing facility.
Final processing
The cleaning of a dead wildlife resource for cooking or storage purposes. For a deer or pronghorn carcass, the term includes the processing of the animal more than by quartering.
To capture, trap, take, or kill, and includes the act of attempting to capture, trap, take, or kill.
Immediate consumption
The preparation process for a carcass portion to be immediately cooked and eaten. This would not include processed portions stored while marinating for later consumption.
Legal shooting hours for all game animals and nonmigratory (upland) game birds
The period from one-half hour before official sunrise to one-half hour after official sunset. For information on sunrise/sunset hours: visit Sunrise Sunset Calendars
Legal shooting hours for migratory game birds
The period from one-half hour before official sunrise to official sunset except during the Special Whitewinged Dove Days (noon to sunset). For information on sunrise/sunset hours: visit Sunrise Sunset Calendars
Migratory bird preservation facility
A stationary facility designed and constructed to store or process game birds.
A person who is not a Texas resident (see proof of residency requirements). Non-residents under 17 years of age are considered residents for the purchase of the youth hunting license (Item 169).
Non-toxic shot
Any shot type that does not cause sickness or death when ingested by migratory birds. Approved shot includes steel, including copper, nickel or zinc-coated steel, bismuth-tin, tungsten-iron, tungsten-polymer (i.e., moly-shot), and any other nontoxic material approved by the Director of the USFWS.
Open season
The period of time during which it is lawful to pursue, hunt, take, or attempt to take a specified animal, bird, or fish. The dates in this guide are opening and closing dates for the open season which includes all dates between them.
Permanent residence
One’s principal or ordinary home or dwelling place. This does not include one’s temporary abode or dwelling such as a hunting/fishing club, or any club house, cabin, tent, car, truck, or trailer house used as a hunting/fishing club, or any hotel, motel, or rooming house used during a hunting, fishing, pleasure, or business trip.
Possession limit (hunters)
The maximum number of any animal or bird that may be possessed by any person at any place. This limit only ceases when a bird or animal is legally finally processed or reaches its final destination. Final processing may only occur at final destination or cold storage facility.
Pronghorn antelope (Antilocapra americana)
In this document, “pronghorn” means “pronghorn antelope.”
To transfer the ownership or the right of possession of an item to a person for consideration and includes a barter and an even exchange.
A deer or pronghorn is considered quartered when the forequarters, hindquarters, and back straps have been completely severed from the carcass.
Any watercraft, other than a seaplane on water, used or capable of being used for transportation on water.
Wildlife resource
Any wild animal, wild bird, or aquatic life.
Wounded deer
A deer leaving a blood trail.
Youth (for the purposes of participation in Youth-Only hunting seasons or special youth events)
Any person 16 years of age or younger. For the federal Youth Waterfowl Weekend, the youth must be accompanied by an adult at least 18 years of age (adult is required to accompany the youth during special youth-only duck season, but is NOT required to be licensed). To hunt waterfowl, all persons 16 years of age and older must have a Federal Duck Stamp.