Migratory Game Bird Definitions

Active duty
Full-time military service in the U.S. Army, Navy, Marines, Air Force, Coast Guard, Reserves, National Guard or Texas State Guard; includes full-time training duty and attendance while in active service at a school designated as a service school by law or by the Secretary of the military department.
Aggregate limit
A daily bag or possession limit composed of more than one species or a single bag limit that applies to a group of counties.
Aircraft
Any mechanical device used for flight; this includes unmanned aerial vehicles (aka drones). Aircraft may not be used, or any attempt, to hunt, locate (including wounded animals), photograph, count, harass, drive any animal without a department-issued permit.
Bait
Something that intentionally or unintentionally lures any wildlife resource. Includes, but not limited, to salt, grain, minerals, or other feed, directly or indirectly placed, exposed, deposited, distributed, or scattered. Does not include scent attractants for animals. It is unlawful to use game fish or any part thereof as bait.
Baited area
Any (public or private) area where bait is found. For migratory birds, this could include adjacent properties. There is no set distance from a baited area that a bird/animal may be hunted if the flight path or behavior is altered by its placement. It is the hunter's responsibility to know if an area is baited. These areas are unlawful for ALL migratory birds and Eastern Wild Turkeys and Public Hunting Land.
Catch
To take or kill and includes an attempt to take or kill.
CITES
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species is an international agreement between governments to ensure that international trade in wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival.
Daily bag limit (Hunters)
The maximum number of game animals/birds that may be lawfully taken or possessed by a hunter in one day. No person shall possess more than one daily bag limit while in the field or travelling to or from the field.
Day
A 24-hour period of time that begins at midnight and ends at midnight.
Depredation
Causing damage or destruction to property, commercial crops or native environments.
Light geese
Snow (including blue) and Ross's geese.
Dark geese
All geese other than light geese, including Canada and white-fronted.
Lawful archery and crossbow equipment
Long-bows, recurved bows, compound bows, or crossbows.
Legal shotgun
Shotguns not larger than 10-gauge, fired from the shoulder, and incapable of holding more than three shells. Shotguns capable of holding more than three shells must be plugged with a one-piece filler (plug) which cannot be removed without disassembling the gun, so the gun's total capacity does not exceed three shells.
Livestock
Includes but is not limited to cattle, horses, mules, sheep, goats and domesticated/non-feral swine.
Manipulation
The alteration of natural vegetation or agricultural crops, including but not limited to mowing, shredding, discing, rolling, chopping, trampling, flattening, burning and herbicide treatments. Manipulation does not include the incidental distributing or scattering of grain, seed or other feed after removal from or storage on the field where grown. (Only lawful for dove hunting, NOT waterfowl or cranes.)
Migratory game birds
Includes all wild species of ducks, mergansers, geese, coots, rails, gallinules, plovers, Wilson's snipe or jacksnipe, woodcock, doves (mourning, whitewinged, white-tipped or white-fronted), red-billed pigeons, band-tailed pigeons, shorebirds of all varieties, and Sandhill cranes. Does not include exotic collared-dove and Egyptian Geese.
Natural vegetation
Any non-agricultural, native or naturalized plant species that grows at a site in response to planting or from existing seeds or propagule. Natural vegetation does not include planted millet. However, planted millet that grows on its own in subsequent years after the planting is considered natural vegetation (only natural vegetation may be manipulated for waterfowl and crane hunting.)
Normal agricultural planting, harvesting, and
post-harvest manipulation A normal agricultural planting or harvesting undertaken for the purpose of producing and gathering a crop, or manipulation (including post-harvest) after such harvest and removal of a crop, that is conducted in accordance with official recommendations of State Extension Specialists of the Cooperative Extension Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Includes commercial harvest, loading and unloading. Does not include the broadcast spreading of seed that is normally drill-planted.
Normal stabilization practice
A planting for agricultural soil-erosion control or post-mining land-reclamation conducted in accordance with official recommendations of State Extension Specialists of the Cooperative Extension Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Resident
A person who has lived continuously in Texas for more than six months immediately before buying their license, officially documented members of the Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of Texas or members of the U.S. Armed Forces (and their dependents) on "active duty" anywhere. A person who claims residency in any other state for any purpose and is not an officially-documented member of the Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of Texas or a member of the U.S. Armed Forces (or dependent) on active duty is not a resident.
Sell
To transfer the ownership or the right of possession of an item to a person for consideration and includes a barter and an even exchange.
Sinkbox
A low floating device concealing a person below the surface of the water. Sinkboxes are unlawful.
Upland game bird
Wild turkey, wild grouse, wild prairie chickens, wild pheasants of all varieties, wild partridge, wild bobwhite quail, wild scaled quail, wild Mearn's quail, wild Gambel's quail, chachalacas.
Vessel
Any watercraft, other than a seaplane on water, used or capable of being used for transportation on water.
Waterfowl
Ducks (including teal), geese, mergansers, and coots. Does NOT include Sandhill Crane.