Federal and State Listed Birds
in Texas

In Texas, animal or plant species of conservation concern may be listed as threatened or endangered under the authority of state law and/or under the U.S. Endangered Species Act (ESA). Species may be listed as state threatened or endangered and not federally listed. The state list only addresses the status of a species within Texas. A federal listing means that a species is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range which may encompass several other states or nations.

Candidate species are those organisms the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) has sufficient information on to propose as endangered or threatened under the ESA but development of a proposed listing regulation is precluded by other higher priority listing activities. Unlike species listed under the ESA, candidates receive no statutory protection.

Species are ranked (Global and State) using a conservation status system established by NatureServe.

Common Name Scientific Name State Status Federal Status Global Rank State Rank
Arizona Botteri's Sparrow Peucaea botterii arizonae Threatened G4T4 S1B
Attwater's Greater Prairie Chicken Tympanuchus cupido attwateri Endangered Endangered G4T1 S1B
Bachman's Sparrow Aimophila aestivalis Threatened G3 S3B
Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus Threatened G5 S3B,S3N
Black-capped Vireo Vireo atricapilla Endangered Endangered G3 S2B
Cactus Ferruginous Pygmy-owl Glaucidium brasilianum cactorum Threatened G5T3 S3B
Common Black Hawk Buteogallus anthracinus Threatened G4G5 S2B
Eskimo Curlew Numenius borealis Endangered Endangered GH SH
Golden-cheeked Warbler Dendroica chrysoparia Endangered Endangered G2 S2B
Gray Hawk Buteo plagiatus Threatened GNR S2B
Interior Least Tern Sterna antillarum athalassos Endangered Endangered G4T2Q S1B
Mexican Spotted Owl Strix occidentalis lucida Threatened Threatened G3G4T3T4 S1B
Northern Aplomado Falcon Falco femoralis septentrionalis Endangered Endangered G4T2 S1
Northern Beardless-tyrannulet Camptostoma imberbe Threatened G5 S3B
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus anatum Threatened G4T4 S2B
Piping Plover Charadrius melodus Threatened Threatened G3 S2
Red-cockaded Woodpecker Picoides borealis Endangered Endangered G3 S2B
Red-crowned Parrot Amazona viridigenalis Candidate G2 S2
Reddish Egret Egretta rufescens Threatened G4 S3B
Rose-throated Becard Pachyramphus aglaiae Threatened G4G5 SNA
Rufa Red Knot Calidris canutus rufa Threatened G4 S3N
Sooty Tern Sterna fuscata Threatened G5 S2B
Southwestern Willow Flycatcher Empidonax traillii extimus Endangered Endangered G5T2 S1B
Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus Threatened G5 S2B
Texas Botteri's Sparrow Aimophila botterii texana Threatened G4T4 S3B
Tropical Parula Parula pitiayumi Threatened G5 S3B
Western Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus occidentails Threatened G5T2T3 S4S5B
White-faced Ibis Plegadis chihi Threatened G5 S4B
White-tailed Hawk Buteo albicaudatus Threatened G4G5 S4B
Whooping Crane Grus americana Endangered Endangered G1 S1
Wood Stork Mycteria americana Threatened G4 SHB,S2N
Zone-tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus Threatened G4 S3B