Federal and State Listed Mammals in Texas

In Texas, animal or plant species of conservation concern may be listed as threatened or endangered under the authority of state law and/or under the U.S. Endangered Species Act (ESA). Species may be listed as state threatened or endangered and not federally listed. The state list only addresses the status of a species within Texas. A federal listing means that a species is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range which may encompass several other states or nations.

Candidate species are those organisms the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) has sufficient information on to propose as endangered or threatened under the ESA but development of a proposed listing regulation is precluded by other higher priority listing activities. Unlike species listed under the ESA, candidates receive no statutory protection.

Species are ranked (Global and State) using a conservation status system established by NatureServe.

Common Name Scientific Name State Status Federal Status Global Rank State Rank
Atlantic Spotted Dolphin Stenella frontalis Threatened G5 S1
Black Bear Ursus americanus Threatened G5 S3
Coues' Rice Rat Oryzomys couesi Threatened G5T2T4 S2
Dwarf Sperm Whale Kogia simus Threatened G4 S1
False Killer Whale Pseudorca crassidens Threatened G4 S1
Finback Whale Balaenoptera physalus Endangered Endangered G3G4 S1
Gervais' Beaked Whale Mesoplodon europaeus Threatened G3 S1
Goose-beaked Whale Ziphius cavirostris Threatened G4 S1
Gray Wolf Canis lupus Endangered Endangered G4G5 SX
Humpback Whale Megaptera novaeangliae Endangered Endangered G4 SNR
Jaguar Panthera onca Endangered Endangered G3 SH
Jaguarundi Herpailurus yaguarondi Endangered Endangered G4 S1
Killer Whale Orcinus orca Threatened G4G5 S1
Louisiana Black Bear Ursus americanus luteolus Threatened G5T2 SNA
Mexican Long-nosed Bat Leptonycteris nivalis Endangered Endangered G2G3 S1
Ocelot Leopardus pardalis Endangered Endangered G4 S1
Palo Duro Mouse Peromyscus truei comanche Threatened G5T2 S2
Pygmy Killer Whale Feresa attenuata Threatened G4 S1
Pygmy Sperm Whale Kogia breviceps Threatened G4 SNR
Rafinesque's Big-eared Bat Corynorhinus rafinesquii Threatened G3G4 S3
Red Wolf Canis rufus Endangered Endangered G1Q SX
Rough-toothed Dolphin Steno bredanensis Threatened G4 S1
Short-finned Pilot Whale Globicephala macrorhynchus Threatened G5 S1
Southern Yellow Bat Lasiurus ega Threatened G5 S1
Spotted Bat Euderma maculatum Threatened G4 S2
Texas Kangaroo Rat Dipodomys elator Threatened G2 S1
West Indian Manatee Trichechus manatus Endangered Endangered G2 S1
White-nosed Coati Nasua narica Threatened G5 S2?