Federal and State Listed Species of Texas:
Black lace cactus
Black lace cactus only grows within the South Texas Coastal Bend counties of Atascosa, Jim Wells, Kleberg, McMullen and Refugio.
Black lace cactus is a succulent perennial that grows in clusters of 1 to 12 or more stems that are up to 20 cm tall. The stems are sometimes branched and have 10 to 13 vertical ridges that are divided into spine-tipped, cone-shaped projections. Spines arising from each of these projections are numerous and so dense that they hide the stem completely. Most of the spines, radial spines, form a tight ring around the projection’s tip, lay flat against the stem and point sideways — spaced like the teeth of a comb. There is another type of spine, the central spine, that if present arises interior to the radial spines, and points out from the stem or slightly upward. There are typically 14 to 20 radial spines which are white to pink with dark purple tips and grow 3 to 6 mm long. If present, the single central spine is dark purple or black and 2 to 15 mm long. Black lace cacti have purple-pink flowers with a crimson center and dark green 15 to 20 mm long fruits.
Black lace cactus is closely related to Fitch’s hedgehog cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. fitchii), but Fitch’s hedgehog cactus has 4 to 7 muddy red-tipped central spines. The two cacti also occupy different areas and habitats of Texas. Fitch’s hedgehog cactus populations inhabit only shrublands over limestone, sandy or saline soils and occur further west and south in the South Texas Brush Country than black lace cactus.
Black lace cactus occurs in coastal grasslands and openings in dense scrublands and woodlands along the Gulf Coastal Plain.
Life Cycle Events
Flowering occurs from April to June, fruiting shortly thereafter.
Black lace cactus can be found throughout the year; however, it is most easily found while in flower from April to June.
- Rare Plants of Texas
- U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
- NatureServe: Echinocereus reichenbachii
- NatureServe: Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii
- Center for Plant Conservation
- Westlund, B.L. 1991. Cactus trade and collection impact study. Section 6 final report. Austin: Texas Parks & Wildlife Department.
- Benson, L. 1982. The cacti of the United States and Canada. Stanford University Press. Stanford, California.
Cacti are well-known for causing disagreement among botanists trying to classify and name them. Cacti have repeatedly been renamed depending upon individual authors and their findings. Black lace cactus has not escaped this process and has had several scientific names since it was first described in 1969.