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Lake Fairfield 2012 Survey Report media download(PDF 471.9 KB)

If you have difficulty accessing the information in this document, contact the TPWD Inland Fisheries Division for assistance.


Lake Fairfield - 2012 Survey Report

Prepared by Jacob D. Norman and Richard A. Ott, Jr.
Inland Fisheries Division
District 3-C, Tyler, Texas

This is the authors' summary from a 46-page report. For a copy of the complete report, use the download link in the sidebar.

Fish populations in Lake Fairfield were surveyed from June 2012 through March 2013 using electrofishing and gill netting. A vegetation survey was conducted in the summer of 2012. Anglers were surveyed from March through May 2013 with a creel survey. This report summarizes results of the surveys and contains a management plan based on those findings.

Reservoir Description

Lake Fairfield is a 2,032-acre reservoir on Big Brown Creek, Texas, a tributary of the Trinity River, providing cooling water for two 575-megawatt lignite-fired electric generation units. Bank access is adequate and two boat ramps are present, although boat access is limited during low water levels. Giant cane and cattails form a fringe in the littoral zone around most of the lake. American lotus is present in shallow water (<4 feet deep), primarily in the backs of coves.

Management History

Lake Fairfield has experienced late-summer fish kills since 2005 (annually since 2008), primarily attributed to rapid declines in dissolved oxygen levels. Annual stocking of Red Drum was halted after 2011 until further characterizations and knowledge of the annual fish kills were understood. Fish kills from single events ranged from an estimated 189 fish valued at $1,041 to 1,261,494 fish with an estimated value of $4,381,494. Traditionally, important sport fish included sunfishes, Largemouth Bass, Channel Catfish, and Red Drum. An access creel survey was conducted during the spring quarter, March through May 2013, to further assess the effects of annual fish kills on directed angler effort and success.

Fish Community

Management Strategies

Sport Fish Restoration Logo

Performance Report as required by Federal Aid in Sport Fish Restoration Act Texas Federal Aid Project F-221-M-3 Inland Fisheries Division Monitoring and Management Program

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