Presenter: Jayna Burgdorf

Commission Agenda Item No. 3
Threatened and Endangered Species Proclamation
November 1998

I. DISCUSSION: Prior to 1997, Parks and Wildlife Code, Chapter 68 (Endangered Species) contained no provision to prevent the take of endangered species. The provisions of Chapters 67 and 68 originally were codified at Article 913a, Penal Code. Revisions enacted by the Sixty-fourth Texas Legislature in 1975 split Article 913a into the present Chapters 67 and 68; however, no effort was made to ensure that each was able to function fully independently of the other. A consequence of this was that Chapter 68 contained no authority to prevent the take of species of fish or wildlife listed as endangered. In response to this problem, the state list of endangered species in 1996 was modified to include only those species designated by the federal government as endangered. All species that appeared on the state list but not on the federal list were redesignated as state-threatened to afford them more protection against take, because Chapter 67 of the Code authorizes the Commission to establish limitations on the take, possession, propagation, transportation, importation, exportation, sale, and offering for sale of nongame fish and wildlife. As a result of that action, confusion has arisen concerning persons possessing animals under Endangered Species Propagation permits. ESP permits are established by statute in Chapter 68 of the Code. When state-endangered species were transferred to the protection of Chapter 67, specimens possessed under Endangered Species Propagation permits were grandfathered. Persons who possessed specimens under ESP permits were allowed to continue in possession so long as they renewed their permits at $550 every three years, submitted annual reports, and had a facility inspection performed by a licensed veterinarian. Permittees were also prohibited from propagating or acquiring additional specimens. The problem that has arisen is that a person could move to Texas with the animal and would be under no regulatory obligation other than maintaining a valid permit from the state of origin.

Staff has concluded that the most effective solution would be simply to eliminate permits, inspections and reporting requirements, and instead allow any person to possess a species listed as threatened or endangered, provided that person can prove the specimen was legally acquired, and in the case of specimens entering Texas, lawfully possessed in the state of origin at the time of transport into this state. Persons possessing threatened or endangered species would be, however, required to permanently tag or mark any specimens, and would be prohibited from propagation except as specifically provided for by Chapter 68 of the Code. Staff has also determined that because House Bill 2542, enacted by the 75th Texas Legislature, amended Chapter 68 to prohibit the take, capture, or killing of endangered species, the provisions of 31 TAC §§65.180 and 65.181 are superfluous and may be repealed without any diminution of protections for endangered species. Section 65.180 lists the species declared by the federal government to be endangered, and §65.181 simply reiterates the penalties provided by statute for violations.

The Regulations Committee at its August 1998 meeting authorized staff to publish the proposed regulations in the Texas Register for public comment. The proposal appeared in the October 2, 1998, issue of the Texas Register (23 TexReg 9949). A summary of public comments will be available at the time of the hearing.

II. RECOMMENDATION: Staff recommends that the Texas Parks and Wildlife Commission adopt the following motion:

"The Texas Parks and Wildlife Commission adopts 31 TAC §§65.171, 65.173, and 65.174; proposed new §§65.175 and 65.176, and the proposed repeal of §§65.180 and 65.181, concerning threatened and endangered species, with changes to the proposed text as published in the October 2, 1998, issue of the Texas Register (23 TexReg 9949)."

Attachments – 2

1. Exhibit A – Proposed Regulations

2. Exhibit B – Fiscal Note (Available upon request)

Commission Agenda Item No. 3
Exhibit A

Threatened and Endangered Species
Proposed Preamble

1. Introduction.

The Texas Parks and Wildlife Department proposes the repeal of §65.180 and §65.181, amendments to §§65.171-65.173, and 65.174; and new §§65.175 and 65.176, concerning Threatened and Endangered Species. The repeals, amendments, and new sections are necessary to eliminate regulatory inconsistency with respect to threatened and endangered species, to provide for documentation of lawfully held specimens, and to remove unnecessary and redundant regulations. The repeals, amendments, and new sections will function to provide uniform regulations governing the possession of threatened and endangered species; set forth identification standards, and establish penalties for violations.

2. Fiscal Note.

Robert Macdonald, Wildlife Division regulations coordinator, has determined that for each of the first five years that the proposed repeals, amendments, and new sections are in effect, there will be no fiscal implications to state or local governments as a result of enforcing or administering the proposed rules.

3. Public Benefit - Cost Note.

Mr. Macdonald also has determined that for each of the first five years the proposed repeals, amendments and new sections are in effect:

(A) The public benefit anticipated as a result of enforcing the rule as proposed will be simpler regulations that are less burdensome to the public while executing the commission’s statutory obligations to manage the wildlife resources of this state.

(B) There will be no effect on small businesses. There are no economic costs to persons required to comply with the rules as proposed.

(C) The department has not filed a local impact statement with the Texas Workforce Commission as required by Government Code, §2001.022, as this agency has determined that the rules as proposed will not impact local economies.

(D) The department has determined that there will not be a taking of private real property, as defined by Government Code, Chapter 2007, as a result of the proposed rules.

4. Request for Public Comments.

Comments on the proposed rules may be submitted to Peggy Horner, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, 4200 Smith School Road, Austin, Texas 78744; (512) 912-7047 or 1-800-792-1112.

5. Statutory Authority.

The repeals, amendments and new sections are proposed under Parks and Wildlife Code, Chapter 67, which give the commission the authority to establish any limitations on the take, possession, propagation, transportation, importation, exportation, sale, and offering for sale of nongame fish and wildlife necessary to manage those species, and Parks and Wildlife Code, Chapter 68, which provides the Commission with the authority to establish regulations governing the take, possession, transportation, exportation, propagation, sale, and offering for sale of endangered fish and wildlife.

The new sections affect Parks and Wildlife Code, Chapters 67, and 68.


§65.171. General Provisions.

(a) Except as otherwise provided in this subchapter or Parks and Wildlife Code, Chapters 67 or 68, no person may:

(1) take, possess, propagate, transport, export, sell or offer for sale, or ship any species of fish or wildlife listed in this subchapter as threatened or endangered; or

(2) possess, transport, import, export, sell, or offer for sale goods made from fish or wildlife listed as threatened or endangered.

(b) Any person may possess, transport, import, export, sell, or offer for sale goods made from fish or wildlife listed in this subchapter as threatened, provided the person possesses proof that the goods were obtained from lawfully taken animals.

§65.172. Threatened Species. A threatened species is any species that the department has determined is likely to become endangered in the future. The following species are hereby designated as threatened species:


Bat, Rafinesque’s Big-eared Corynorhinus rafinesquii

Bat, Southern Yellow Lasiurus ega

Bat, Spotted Euderma maculatum

Bear, Black Ursus americanus

Coati, White-nosed Nasua narica

Dolphin, Atlantic Spotted Stenella frontalis

Dolphin, Rough-toothed Steno bredanensis

Margay Felis wiedii (extirpated)

Mouse, Palo Duro Peromyscus truei comanche

Rat, Coues’ Rice Oryzomys couesi

Rat, Texas Kangaroo Dipodomys elator

Whale, Dwarf Sperm Kogia simus

Whale, False Killer Pseudorca crassidens

Whale, Gervais’ Beaked Mesoplodon europaeus

Whale, Goose-beaked Ziphius cavirostris

Whale, Killer Orcinus orca

Whale, Short-finned Pilot Globicephala macrorhynchus

Whale, Pygmy Killer Feresa attenuata

Whale, Pygmy Sperm Kogia breviceps


Becard, Rose-throated Pachyramphus aglaiae

Eagle, Bald Haliaeetus leucocephalus

Egret, Reddish Egretta rufescens

Falcon, Arctic Peregrine Falco peregrinus tundrius

Hawk, Common Black- Buteogallus anthracinus

Hawk, Gray Buteo nitidus

Hawk, White-tailed Buteo albicaudatus

Hawk, Zone-tailed Buteo albonotatus

Ibis, White-faced Plegadis chihi

Kite, American Swallow-tailed Elanoides forficatus

Owl, Ferruginous Pygmy- Glaucidium brasilianum

Owl, Mexican Spotted Strix occidentalis lucida

Parula, Tropical Parula pitiayumi

Plover, Piping Charadrius melodus

Sparrow, Bachman’s Aimophila aestivalis

Sparrow, Botteri’s Aimophila botterii

Stork, Wood Mycteria americana

Tern, Sooty Sterna fuscata

Tyrannulet, Northern Beardless- Camptostoma imberbe


Gecko, Reticulated Coleonyx reticulatus

Lizard, Reticulate Collared Crotaphytus reticulatus

Lizard, Texas Horned Phrynosoma cornutum

Lizard, Mountain Short-horned Phrynosoma douglasii

Rattlesnake, Timber Crotalus horridus

Snake, Speckled Racer Drymobius margaritiferus

Snake, Northern Cat-eyed Leptodeira septentrionalis

Snake, Scarlet Cemophora coccinea

Snake, Black-striped Coniophanes imperialis

Snake, Indigo Drymarchon corais

Snake, Brazos Water Nerodia harteri

Snake, Concho Water Nerodia paucimaculata

Snake, Smooth Green Liochlorophis vernalis

Snake, Louisiana Pine Pituophis melanoleucus ruthveni

Snake, Big Bend Blackhead Tantilla rubra

Snake, Texas Lyre Trimorphodon biscutatus

Turtle, Chihuahuan Mud Kinosternon hirtipes

Turtle, Alligator Snapping Macroclemys temminckii

Turtle, Green Sea Chelonia mydas

Turtle, Loggerhead Sea Caretta caretta

Tortoise, Texas Gopherus berlandieri


Frog, Sheep Hypopachus variolosus

Frog, White-lipped Leptodactylus labialis

Newt, Black-spotted Notophthalmus meridionalis

Salamander, Blanco Blind Eurycea robusta

Salamander, Cascade Caverns Eurycea latitans

Salamander, San Marcos Eurycea nana

Salamander, Comal Blind Eurycea tridentifera

Siren, South Texas (Large Form) Siren sp.1

Toad, Mexican Burrowing Rhinophrynus dorsalis

Treefrog, Mexican Smilisca baudinii


Blindcat, Toothless Trogloglanis pattersoni

Blindcat, Widemouth Satan eurystomus

Chub, Rio Grande Gila pandora

Chubsucker, Creek Erimyzon oblongus

Darter, Blackside Percina maculata

Darter, Rio Grande Etheostoma grahami

Gambusia, Blotched Gambusia senilis (extirpated)

Goby, Blackfin Gobionellus atripinnis

Goby, River Awaous tajasica

Minnow, Devils River Dionda diaboli

Paddlefish Polyodon spathula

Pipefish, Opossum Microphis brachyurus

Pupfish, Concho Cyprinodon eximius

Pupfish, Pecos Cyprinodon pecosensis

Shiner, Bluntnose Notropis simus (extirpated)

Shiner, Bluehead Notropis hubbsi

Shiner, Chihuahua Notropis chihuahua

Shiner, Proserpine Cyprinella proserpina

Stoneroller, Mexican Campostoma ornatum

Sturgeon, Shovelnose Scaphirhynchus platorynchus

Sucker, Blue Cycleptus elongatus

§65.173. Exceptions.

(1) Any person may transport threatened or endangered species to the nearest Department of Health or medical facility if the species poses an immediate threat to human safety or welfare.

(2) Any person may possess or transport lawfully obtained live, mounted, or preserved specimens of threatened or endangered species, including specimens acquired in another state, provided the person also possesses at least one of the following:

(A) a copy of an out-of-state permit authorizing the possession of the specimens in the state of origin, valid at the time the specimen enters Texas;

(B) a bill of sale identifying the source of the specimen; or

(C) a notarized affidavit stating the source of the specimen and that the specimen(s) was legally obtained.

§65.174. Special Provisions. No person may release a threatened or endangered species except as specifically provided by the department in a letter of authorization issued prior to release.

§65.175. Permanent Identification. Every specimen possessed under the provisions of this subchapter or the provisions of Parks and Wildlife Code, Chapter 68, shall be permanently tagged, tattooed, banded, or implanted with a passive inductive transponder (PIT) tag bearing the possessor’s name and phone number.

§65.176. Violations and Penalties. Penalties for violations of this subchapter:

(1) for species listed in §65.172 of this title (relating to Threatened Species), are prescribed by Parks and Wildlife Code, Chapter 67; and

(2) for species listed in accordance with Parks and Wildlife Code, Chapter 68, are prescribed by Parks and Wildlife Code, Chapter 68.

Issued in Austin, Texas on

Gene McCarty
Chief of Staff
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department
1-800-792-1112, extension 4418 or 512-389-4418

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