Coronavirus (COVID-19)

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Stay up-to-date on operations adjustments and temporary closure of TPWD offices, state parks, recreation facilities and water access points due to COVID-19. Please follow guidance from local authorities, Governor Greg Abbott and the Texas Department of State Health Services.

Freshwater Inflows and Estuaries

Estuaries are the most productive ecosystems on the earth and freshwater inflows are the single most important determinant of that productivity. Altering the timing and amount of inflows reduces the overall productivity of the bays and changes its character, which in turn adversely impact fisheries. Freshwater inflows are important to coastal ecosystem, because they:

Several documents are available describing and applying the methodology developed to estimate changes, impact of the changes and needs in freshwater inflows.