Toledo Bend 2009 Survey Report media download(PDF 710.6 KB)

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Toledo Bend Reservoir - 2009 Survey Report

Prepared by Todd Driscoll and Dan Ashe
Inland Fisheries Division
District 3-D, Jasper, Texas

This is the authors' summary from a 34-page report. For a copy of the complete report, use the download link in the sidebar.

Fish populations in Toledo Bend Reservoir were surveyed in 2009 and 2010 using electrofishing and gill netting. Anglers were surveyed from June 2009 to May 2010 with a creel survey. This report summarizes the results of the surveys and contains a management plan for Texas side of the reservoir.

Reservoir Description

Toledo Bend Reservoir is a 162,476-acre (71,000 acres in Texas) impoundment of the Sabine River in Newton, Sabine, and Shelby counties in southeast Texas. Water level fluctuations average 5 feet annually, but reached its historic low in 2006 (11 feet below conservation pool). Aquatic habitat consisted of aquatic vegetation (primarily hydrilla and American lotus) and standing timber.

Management History

Historically, the black bass fishery has been the most popular at Toledo Bend Reservoir. Typically, 65 to 80% of annual angling effort is directed at black bass. Approximately 10 to 20% of anglers target crappie. With the exception of 2006, TPWD has stocked Florida largemouth bass (FLMB) annually since 1990 to increase abundance of large bass (> 8 pounds). The Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries (LDWF) stocks Florida largemouth bass and striped bass annually. Joint efforts with LDWF have resulted in standardization of most harvest regulations, but differences still exist for crappie and catfish. In 1998, giant salvinia was discovered in Toledo Bend Reservoir. In 2008, plant coverage reached the historic high (4,091acres) and impeded angler access. Cold winter water temperatures in 2010 reduced overall coverage to only trace amounts, but plants were scattered throughout the entire reservoir. Control methods have included annual herbicide treatments at access points, releases of salvinia weevils, and a water level drawdown.

Fish Community

Management Strategies

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Performance Report as required by Federal Aid in Sport Fish Restoration Act Texas Federal Aid Project F-30-R-35 Statewide Freshwater Fisheries Monitoring and Management Program