Toledo Bend 2013 Survey Report media download(PDF 462.5 KB)

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Toledo Bend Reservoir - 2013 Survey Report

Prepared by Todd Driscoll and Dan Ashe
Inland Fisheries Division
District 3-D, Brookeland, Texas

This is the authors' summary from a 39-page report. For a copy of the complete report, use the download link in the sidebar.

Fish populations in Toledo Bend Reservoir were surveyed in 2013-2014 using electrofishing and gill netting. Anglers were surveyed from June 2013 to May 2014 with a creel survey. Historical data are presented with the 2013-2014 data for comparison. This report summarizes the results of the surveys and contains a management plan for the Texas side of the reservoir.

Reservoir Description

Toledo Bend Reservoir is a 181,600-acre (70,469 acres in Texas) impoundment of the Sabine River in Newton, Sabine, and Shelby counties in southeast Texas. Water level fluctuations average 3 feet annually. Aquatic habitat consisted of aquatic vegetation (primarily hydrilla and American lotus) and standing timber.

Management History

Historically, the black bass fishery has been the most popular at Toledo Bend Reservoir. Typically, 65 to 80% of annual angling effort is directed at black basses. Approximately 15 to 20% of anglers target crappie. With the exception of 2006, TPWD has stocked Florida Largemouth Bass (FLMB) annually since 1990 to increase abundance of large bass (> 8 pounds). The Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries (LDWF) also stocks FLMB annually. Joint efforts with LDWF have resulted in standardization of all recreational harvest regulations. In 1998, giant salvinia was discovered in Toledo Bend Reservoir. Cold water temperatures during the winter of 2010 and low water levels in 2011 reduced overall coverage to only trace amounts, but plants remained scattered throughout the entire reservoir. In 2013, plant coverage reached the historic high (9,314 acres) and impeded angler access. Control methods have included annual herbicide treatments at access points, releases of salvinia weevils, and a water level drawdown.

Fish Community

Management Strategies

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Performance Report as required by Federal Aid in Sport Fish Restoration Act Texas Federal Aid Project F-221-M-4 Inland Fisheries Division Monitoring and Management Program