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Stay up-to-date on operations adjustments and temporary closure of TPWD offices, state parks, recreation facilities and water access points due to COVID-19. Please follow guidance from local authorities, Governor Greg Abbott and the Texas Department of State Health Services.


Managing Nuisance Aquatic Plants

Estimating the Size of Your Pond

For some methods of vegetation control, you'll need to determine the surface acreage and/or the volume of water in your pond. This information will help:

Basic Terms and Conversion Factors

Calculating Surface Acreage

diagram of rectangle with measurements indicatedRectangular pond - multiply length by width and divide by 43,560 (the number of square feet in one acre). In the diagram shown here, the equation would be:

260 feet x 408 feet = 106,080 square feet
106,080/43,560 = 2.44 surface acres.

diagram of circleIf the pond is circular, the distance circumference of the pond (distance around the shoreline) should be measured in feet. That number should be multiplied by itself and then divided by 547,390. If the pond's circumference is 800 feet, the equation would be:

800 feet x 800 feet = 640,000
640,000/547,390 = 1.17 acres

diagram of triangle indicating measurementsIf the pond is triangular, the base and the height should be measured. Multiply those two numbers, take half of the resulting amount, and divide by 43,560. If the triangle is 300 feet at the base and 500 feet high, the equation would be:

(300 feet x 500 feet)/2 = 75,000 square feet
75,000/43,560 = 1.72 acres


Calculating Average Depth

Make a series of soundings by dropping a weighted line to the bottom in straight rows across the pond 30 to 50 feet apart. Add the depth measurements together and divide by the number of soundings. Begin and end each row with the zero measurement at the shoreline and include these in the total number of soundings made.

Regulatory Requirements

Enforcement of herbicide and pesticide laws is the responsibility of the Texas Department of Agriculture (TDA). Before applying herbicides, check with a TDA office to ensure compliance with federal and state rules. Even if the active ingredient is the same, it is illegal to use a product that is not registered for aquatic use. Use of herbicides containing 2,4-D requires a pesticide applicator’s license.

To report herbicide misuse, call TDA's toll-free Pesticide Hotline at 1-800/TELL-TDA.

“Aquatic Vegetation Management in Texas: A Guidance Document” outlines procedures for developing and submitting treatment proposals for public water. This document is available in PDF format. To download, use the link on this page. Questions and treatment proposals may be addressed to:

Aquatic Invasive Species Team
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department
4200 Smith School Road
Austin, TX 78744